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Tarragon or Artemisia dracunculus is an aromatic plant from the Compositae family, more precisely Asteraceae.
This perennial plant with long thin leaves, native to Central Asia (mainly Siberia) can reach between 40 and 150cm.
Only "French" tarragon is cultivated. Russian tarragon, on the other hand, is tasteless.
Also known as the "Green Dragon" or "serpentine", tarragon offers real therapeutic virtues and very pronounced aromas.
Read also: how to grow tarragon well
Tarragon, for the record
In the past, tarragon was mainly used for its medicinal properties, especially in cases of snakebites or to reduce dental pain and hiccups.
During ancient times, tarragon was used to cure plague and cholera.
Tarragon arrived in Europe in the Middle Ages with the Crusaders. It was not until the 16th century that this plant made its way into our kitchens.
He is reputed to have saved the life of the Prince of Wales, Georges V.
The Arabs, on the other hand, considered tarragon to be a powerful aphrodisiac and used it in love potions.
Marie -Antoinette drank 5 tarragon leaves every morning in boiling water with lemon juice.
Health benefits and virtues
Tarragon is great for stimulate your appetite and boost digestion, thanks to vitamin C.
It is just as effective in the event of bloating, aerophagia, and stomach pain.
It ensures good transit. It is recommended for mild constipation. Tarragon is also a good diuretic.
In case of intestinal parasites, tarragon is a very good dewormer. It purifies the body and filters out parasites.
For women with amenorrhea or delay, tarragon promotes return of the rules.
In case of muscle spasms, tarragon turns out to be a very good antispasmodic, by acting on the nervous system. It can also relieve joint pain and cramps.
For sleep disorders, tarragon fights against'insomnia. It is also effective in reducing tension and anxiety.
Tarragon can also reduce sore throat or dental pain. To do this, chew tarragon leaves.
Tarragon contains antioxidants which fight against free radicals and thus slow the onset of cardiovascular disease, cancer and cellular aging.
In external use, the essential oil extracted from tarragon has anti properties–inflammatory and anti-allergic.
She is also a analgesic effective in relieving, in the form of massages, menstrual pain, lumbago or more intense pain such as renal colic.
On the skin, the essential oil of tarragon can soothe hives attacks and theeczema by massaging on sensitive areas.
> Internal use:
Preventive treatment against respiratory allergies, hay fever: With summer and its waltz of pollen, allergies arise. To prevent symptoms and troublesome conditions, pour 3 drops of essential oil on a square of sugar (1 in the morning 1 in the evening). Tarragon essential oil decreases the release of histamine, which is responsible for allergy symptoms.
For diabetics, prefer a tissue. Add 3 drops of oil and inhale.
Tarragon leaf infusion : Let a few leaves steep in boiling water for 10 to 15 minutes. Drink throughout the day to purify the body and benefit from the virtues of tarragon.
Digestive disorders : After each meal, take a teaspoon of honey with 2 drops of tarragon essential oil.
> External use:
Essential oil bath: In case of tension, stress or anxiety, pour ten drops of essential oils in your bath.
Or massage with the palm of the hand, in a circular fashion, the solar plexus area (between the chest) every evening.
However, in high doses tarragon is not recommended to pregnant or breastfeeding women.
Tarragon oil can turn out to be agressive for the skin. As a precaution, test before applying or dilute tarragon oil with vegetable oil.
Tarragon in the kitchen
Tarragon is a must-have for sauces, especially bearnaise.
Fresh, chopped, dried, branched, it goes very well with your soups, salads, omelets, ratatouilles, meats and fish.
However, carefully measure the tarragon, its strong aroma may dominate the dish instead of spicing it up.
Let's reduce our salt intake. Excessive salt consumption increases blood pressure and all the associated risks: cardiovascular disease, renal failure, etc.
Replace the salt with tarragon !
Tarragon is rich in iron, iodine, calcium, carotene, and vitamins A, B and C.
You can immerse a branch of tarragon in your bottle of olive oil to flavor it.
Yogurt sauce: A Greek yogurt, olive oil and very finely chopped tarragon. Ideal as an aperitif to accompany raw vegetables (tomatoes, carrots, radishes, cucumbers, etc.)
Recipe idea: Chicken with tarragon, mustard and mushrooms
Tuna rillettes : Mix a can of tuna, in 3 tablespoons of fromage blanc, add chopped shallot and a tablespoon of mustard and heavy cream. Add the chopped tarragon (3 tbsp). Season with pepper and enjoy on toasted wholemeal bread toast.
Tarragon and beauty tip:
To fight against bad breath : chewing tarragon leaves after meals. But it does not exempt tooth brushing!
Smart tip about tarragon
Hiccups ? Chewing on tarragon leaves can be helpful in stopping hiccups.
Travel sickness ? A drop of tarragon essential oil under the tongue before departure.
How to store tarragon?: Fresh, it can be kept in a closed box at the bottom of the refrigerator.
Tarragon leaves can also be dried, however they lose their aroma, but not their medicinal properties.
- Read also: how to grow tarragon well